package standard library
go1.22.5 Latest Latest

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Published: Jul 2, 2024 License: BSD-3-Clause Imports: 0 Imported by: 2,347



Package cmp provides types and functions related to comparing ordered values.




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func Compare

func Compare[T Ordered](x, y T) int

Compare returns

-1 if x is less than y,
 0 if x equals y,
+1 if x is greater than y.

For floating-point types, a NaN is considered less than any non-NaN, a NaN is considered equal to a NaN, and -0.0 is equal to 0.0.

func Less

func Less[T Ordered](x, y T) bool

Less reports whether x is less than y. For floating-point types, a NaN is considered less than any non-NaN, and -0.0 is not less than (is equal to) 0.0.

func Or added in go1.22.0

func Or[T comparable](vals ...T) T

Or returns the first of its arguments that is not equal to the zero value. If no argument is non-zero, it returns the zero value.

package main

import (

func main() {
	// Suppose we have some user input
	// that may or may not be an empty string
	userInput1 := ""
	userInput2 := "some text"

	fmt.Println(cmp.Or(userInput1, "default"))
	fmt.Println(cmp.Or(userInput2, "default"))
	fmt.Println(cmp.Or(userInput1, userInput2, "default"))

some text
some text
Example (Sort)
package main

import (

func main() {
	type Order struct {
		Product  string
		Customer string
		Price    float64
	orders := []Order{
		{"foo", "alice", 1.00},
		{"bar", "bob", 3.00},
		{"baz", "carol", 4.00},
		{"foo", "alice", 2.00},
		{"bar", "carol", 1.00},
		{"foo", "bob", 4.00},
	// Sort by customer first, product second, and last by higher price
	slices.SortFunc(orders, func(a, b Order) int {
		return cmp.Or(
			cmp.Compare(a.Customer, b.Customer),
			cmp.Compare(a.Product, b.Product),
			cmp.Compare(b.Price, a.Price),
	for _, order := range orders {
		fmt.Printf("%s %s %.2f\n", order.Product, order.Customer, order.Price)


foo alice 2.00
foo alice 1.00
bar bob 3.00
foo bob 4.00
bar carol 1.00
baz carol 4.00


type Ordered

type Ordered interface {
	~int | ~int8 | ~int16 | ~int32 | ~int64 |
		~uint | ~uint8 | ~uint16 | ~uint32 | ~uint64 | ~uintptr |
		~float32 | ~float64 |

Ordered is a constraint that permits any ordered type: any type that supports the operators < <= >= >. If future releases of Go add new ordered types, this constraint will be modified to include them.

Note that floating-point types may contain NaN ("not-a-number") values. An operator such as == or < will always report false when comparing a NaN value with any other value, NaN or not. See the Compare function for a consistent way to compare NaN values.

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